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2022 Case Studies and Insights

In 2021, Iluka entered a three year partnership with Murdoch University’s Harry Butler Institute to conduct research on the movement ecology of Carnaby’s Cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) in the Cataby region. The research aims to determine flock movement and habitat use across the region and surrounding areas. Researchers use non-invasive GPS tracking to capture frequent, fine-scale movements of birds, as well as satellite tracking to capture broader bird movements through the landscape.

In 2022, a 5-year-old female bird at Cataby was confirmed to have been born 70 kilometres to the north, indicating mixing between these bird populations. This was the first recorded instance of a bird from these northern populations breeding at Cataby since monitoring began 20+ years ago.

In 2022 Iluka successfully met the requirements for relinquishment of its Wagerup mineral sands mine in Western Australia.

To relinquish a mine site of its environmental obligations, rehabilitation must be completed to a high standard and all regulatory requirements met.

For Iluka, this was the first site-wide sign off obtained, and one of few mine sites closed under contemporary closure requirements in Western Australia This followed the sign off of individual lots at the Iluka’s Yoganup extended mine in 2016. Iluka has been working at the Wagerup mineral sands mine since 2004, with mining operations finishing in 2009 and land rehabilitation completed in 2015.

In 2019 the Wagerup mine closure plan was approved by the Western Australian Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety which set out completion criteria. Before progressing its application to relinquish Wagerup, Iluka was required to demonstrate effective management of any residual risks associated the burial of by-products. .The completion report was approved by the Department in early 2022.

Achieving mine site relinquishment is a long, complex process that requires collaboration between cross-functional teams and regulators. Iluka is proud to achieve this outcome and will embed learnings of the process in future relinquishment projects.

Iluka Resources received the prestigious Golden Gecko Award for Environmental Excellence in 2022 for its bespoke seeding machine Flora Restorer. Presented by the Western Australian Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety, the award sets an example to industry of innovation and excellence.

The Flora Restorer tractor-drawn machine is Iluka’s innovative rehabilitation equipment design that dramatically improves the revegetation of Eneabba’s diverse kwongan ecosystem post-mining. Flora Restorer scarifies the sandy soil surface, air-seeds diverse seeds, buries them by land imprinting, and sprays a crust of dilute bitumen emulsion to prevent wind and water erosion.

Five years of field research trials demonstrated a unique process that increased seedling emergence 2–3 fold. Flora Restorer has more than doubled the annual area rehabilitated. Independent botanical monitoring has confirmed the revegetation from Flora is both more diverse with increased plant growth compared to previous rehabilitation practice.

Investment and commitment to field research trials proved the potential of the innovative combination of processes. Working with local companies to design, construct and commission the Flora Restorer equipment was critical to practical application, realising the excellent environmental outcomes. Iluka’s investment in innovation is focused on strengthening operational, sustainability, processing and product outcomes; learnings from the project are shared through publications and speaking engagements.

Researchers from Murdoch University’s Harry Butler Institute have begun monitoring the South Capel wetlands, a former Iluka mine site rehabilitated in the 1970s, to provide a baseline ecological survey of the site.

The South Capel wetlands comprise a chain of 17 wetland lakes over 319 hectares. The area was predominantly pine plantation prior to 1971 when mining commenced and continued for over ten years.

Planning for the post mining land use for the site focussed on environmentally beneficial outcomes by restoring wetlands and native vegetation instead of returning the pre-mining pine plantation. This was considered desirable due to significant loss of wetland habitat on the Swan Coastal Plain as a result of agricultural and urban development. Subsequently the mine pits were rehabilitated to provide wetland and dryland habitat for native species.
Recent studies demonstrate that the site already has significant ecological value. 

Researchers have found that the wetlands support good populations of endemic fish, the threatened Carter’s Freshwater Mussel, and the near-threatened Southwestern Snake-necked Turtle species.

The surrounding dryland vegetation harbours several species of conservation significance such as the critically endangered Western Ringtail Possum, threatened Quenda (or Southern Brown Bandicoot), the near-threatened Brush-tailed Phascogale, endangered Baudin’s Black and Carnaby Black cockatoos, and the vulnerable Forest Red-tailed Black Cockatoo.

The base case for rehabilitation of the site is to return it to a State Forest land use. Iluka is currently supporting the evaluation of an alternative community-led land use proposal for the Capel wetlands site, which includes a biodiversity centre and wildlife hospital.

2021 Case Studies and Insights

The Clontarf Foundation is a not-for-profit organisation that works to improve the education, discipline, self-esteem, life skills and employment prospects of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and by doing so, equips them to participate more meaningfully in today’s society.

The Clontarf programme provides an important school-engagement mechanism for many at-risk, teenage Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male students who would otherwise not attend or have very low school attendance. 

In 2021, the Clontarf Foundation’s Collie Academy students joined Iluka’s North Capel Operation team for a site visit. During a tour of the North Capel site, students learned:

  • the processing steps of the North Capel Separation Mill (NCSM)
  • separation of Heavy Mineral Concentrate (HMC) though NCSM magnetic and electrostatic properties
  • the X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer process to melt mineral sands into discs

Iluka Resources has been a proud partner of the Clontarf Foundation since 2011. Iluka’s partnership offers the opportunity for employees to positively contribute to the lives of the individuals and families engaged with the Foundation. ​​​​​​​To facilitate pathway employment opportunities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees, Iluka offers traineeship opportunities for Clontarf students.

The Youth Social and Economic Empowerment (YSEE) project was designed under the Sierra Rutile Limited (SRL) and International Finance Corporation (IFC) joint program partnership to improve livelihoods, leadership, and social cohesion for at least 50 youths from 2 villages within the Bonthe and Moyamba districts.

Through consultations with youth groups in SRL communities, it was discovered that there is interest in activities such as carpentry, masonry, computer skills development, welding, tailoring, weaving and agriculture. Agriculture is an important revenue earner for most of the population living in SRL’s host communities.

However, most of the population (especially the youth) prefer to seek formal employment with SRL. In fact, income that could be generated from mining employment or other benefits from SRL, has led to a lack of incentive to engage in sustainable agriculture and other entrepreneurial opportunities. This is even though direct employment opportunities with SRL are limited.

As a result, Plan International - Sierra Leone was contracted to implement this project for a period of 6 months from April to September 2021. Plan International has been working in Sierra Leone for over 40 years and has proven experience in successfully managing youth programs.

Findings of the project included several milestones:

  • The YSEE trained 50 youths in masonry, pad making, carpentry, financial literacy, Village Saving Loan Scheme, innovative farming, and awareness raising on gender violence
  • The project provided start-up kits like sewing machines, cassava processing machines and tools to the project participants
  • Established Village Saving Loan Association (VSLA) in the two project communities (Kpetema & Gangama villages)
  • The project formed two loan groups in both project communities and registered them with the line-ministries.

Overall local stakeholders are supportive of the project and the project participants showed great interest in the programme. It is essential for SRL to extend the project for at least one year to scale-up the overall impact of the project.

Through Sierra Rutile (SRL), Iluka Resources has demonstrated its commitment to the development of quality education by supporting the Ruby Rose Educational Resource Centre in Sierra Leone.

The Ruby Rose Educational Resource Centre Library, located at Kpanguma, Ndedemoia Section, Lower Banta Chiefdom, Moyamba District. The library forms the core of the centre and provides reading and learning materials to the communities in Imperie, Lower Banta and Upper Banta chiefdoms.

The beneficiaries of this centre include kindergarten, primary, junior and senior secondary pupils, students in the tertiary institutions, teachers, and the public. The primary aim of the library is to build reading culture within the SRL community. Primary schools that are closer to the centre are scheduled to visit the library daily, Monday to Friday.

Since its establishment in 2008, the Ruby Rose Educational Resource Centre has incorporated a school feeding program for school going kids from Mondays to Fridays, established an adult literacy program, constructed an internet café facility, and distributed assorted books to the library.

The establishment of the centre has helped to significantly improve the standard of education among school going children as well as adults who visit it. Moreover, the establishment of the internet café facility will enhance access to quality knowledge on various subjects offered in schools.

In recognition of the significant role that financial literacy plays in operating small-scale businesses or assist individual entrepreneurs build upon their technical and professional skills, Sierra Rutile Limited (SRL) initiated the Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) and Financial Literacy (FL) initiative as part of its Social Investment strategy. It aims to develop and build the resilience of local mining communities.

The project was developed to ensure that communities have community-based financial models which facilitate the mobilization of group members’ savings and on-lending among members only, with no external liabilities.

The VSLA model emphasized provision of simple and accessible financial services to the vulnerable and poor communities within the SRL operational area. To achieve this, the Movement towards Peace and Development (MOPADA), a local NGO, was contracted by SRL for the delivery of financial literacy and VSLA management skills to both SRL staff and 900 community members drawn from 20 communities in SRL Area 1.

Since its inception, the project has successfully:

  • Trained seven SRL staff on Training of Trainers (ToT)
  • Formed 30 new village savings groups and strengthened 6 old groups
  • Provided VSLA kits to 36 groups
  • Provided training to 900 community members in 23 communities organised in 36 groups.
  • 29 of the groups have started the cycle whilst 7 groups have not started their first cycle.
  • In December (in one month time), the groups have contributed Le25,886,000 (Le23,304,000 share purchase and Le 2,582,000 social fund).

The VSLA model is sustainable in the provision of simple and accessible financial services to the vulnerable and poor mining communities within the SRL operational area.
Evidence shows that in less than one month, 81% of the groups started the cycle with only 19% remaining to begin their first cycle. In addition, the groups have contributed Le 25,886,000 (Le 23,304,000-share purchase and Le 2,582,000-social fund) all in one month. This is a significant achievement; it indicates that if the groups are properly monitored, they will achieve greater results.

A Land Disturbance Permit (LDP) assessment conducted by Sierra Rutile (SRL) prior to the proposed Western and Eastern Drain Diversion at Gangama Deposit, reported that Semabu Village has one of the highest prevalence of severe economic hardship.

Following SRL mining activities, Semabu Village faced economic displacement as some of their land was required for mining purposes. Fishing, the community’s major source of protein and the second most source of livelihood, was impacted by the drain diversions work and the tidal bond construction.

To mitigate this impact as much as possible, SRL has embarked on an alternative livelihood initiative to pilot and improve local chicken productivity in Semabu Village, with a potential to scale it up to other communities in the SRL area.

In a collaborative effort with Semabu residents and Njala University, training modules, the construction of chicken coops and procurement of vaccines for chickens have been achieved.

SRL will continue to engage with the Semabu community and Njala University to ensure any risks to the project are identified and addressed.

The agriculture project was designed under the SRL-IFC joint program to improve the livelihoods of at least 150 households through improved agriculture and household practices in six villages within the Bonthe & Moyamba districts. 

While agriculture is an important revenue earner, most of the population living in the company’s host communities (especially the youth) prefer to be job seekers with a clear preference for immediate paid employment than to be job creators. 

In fact, income that could be generated from mining employment or other benefits from SRL has led to a lack of incentive to engage in sustainable agriculture and other entrepreneurial opportunities even though direct employment opportunities with SRL are limited.  

To respond to these challenges, SRL engaged with Save the Children Sierra Leone. Save the Children Sierra Leone has proven experience in successfully managing agricultural programs to implement this project. Spanning over 18 months 35 lead farmers who are certified to serve as peer facilitators, will share knowledge of improved technical practices with their peers, including using demonstration plots.  

The classroom-based training exercises are ongoing. Save the Children will continue to support the farmers with agriculture inputs after the all the trainings are completed.

A product of extensive collaboration, investigation, engineering design and innovation. The South Capel Remediation Project was named as a finalist in the Australasian Land and Groundwater Association Industry Excellence Awards 2021 in the categories of:

  • Best Remedial Project (Regional) and;
  • Best Remedial Project (greater than $1m)

Completed in 2020, the project removed mineral sand residue material in old storage dams at the Capel dry plant and South Capel sites and relocated it to a new purpose-built facility at South Capel.

The old dams used during historical operations to store residues from mineral sands processing met regulatory and industry standards of the day, but not contemporary containment requirements.

It was discovered that seepage had occurred, with some common and generally non-hazardous substances found in mineral sands (such as manganese and sulfates) observed in the shallow groundwater aquifer. While deeper groundwater is unaffected, the project has significantly reduced the risk to groundwater and is seeking to achieve an enhanced environmental outcome at South Capel.

Iluka relocated the equivalent of 176 Olympic swimming pools (440,000 cubic metres) of residue from the old storage dams at Capel dry plant and South Capel into a new, purpose -built facility at the South Capel site. In respect of the project and Iluka’s approach to managing environmental risks at the sites, Iluka consulted with the community prior to and throughout the project.  

Fauna was relocated to allow vegetation clearance for access to the old storage dams. Iluka engaged experts in fauna relocation to carefully move marsupials and reptiles at the sites to suitable nearby and adjacent natural areas. Marsupials moved included the Western ringtail possum, or ‘gnuraren’ in the local Noongar language, which are endangered. Relocating the gnuraren was done with great care and successfully completed in 2019.

Iluka will continue to monitor the groundwater and rehabilitated areas for approximately 10 years to ensure the rehabilitation is successful. The project was approved by the Western Australian Department of Water and Environmental Regulation, with other government agencies assessing and approving various parts of the project. These include the Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, the Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety, Main Roads WA and the Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Energy.

Carnaby's Black-Cockatoos are found in South-Western Australia.  Each year in spring and summer, a small breeding population of this endangered species visits a unique remnant of Wandoo woodland adjacent to Iluka’s Cataby mining operation. Iluka and the Western Australian (WA) Museum have been monitoring their breeding patterns each year since 2003.

Over the last five decades Carnaby Black-Cockatoos have undergone an estimated 50% population decline, with a significant contraction and loss of breeding populations mainly due to habitat loss. Iluka has partnered with Murdoch University as part of the company’s continuing commitment to rehabilitate, protect and enhance Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo populations at Cataby.

The joint project with Murdoch University aims to utilise innovative tracking methodologies to undertake a movement ecology study of Carnaby's cockatoos, to determine flock movement and habitat use in the Cataby region and surrounding areas. Through GPS tracking data the team at Murdoch have successfully observed members of a flock regularly visiting nearby native vegetation patches, paddocks and Reserves.

Continued assessment of the flock will inform movement and behaviours of the Cockatoos, with research findings used to address key issues in recovery plans.

Iluka is proud to have qualified as a constituent of the Dow Jones Sustainability Indices (DJSI) for the fifth year running!

Achieving our highest ranking to date, Iluka is one of nine metals and mining companies listed in the DJSI Australia index.

Iluka’s presence is a reflection of the continued hard work of our teams across the entire business to generate outcomes that support delivering sustainable value.  It also provides positive impact with respect to the visibility of our sustainability performance to external stakeholders.

The S&P Global Corporate Sustainability Assessment (CSA) is an annual evaluation of companies’ sustainability practices. It covers over 10,000 companies from around the world, and the number of participating companies increased by 33% in 2021. 

All assessed companies' S&P Global ESG Scores, calculated from the CSA, are available publicly and accessible to the financial community via the Bloomberg Platform and on the S&P Global Market Intelligence platform.

DJSI Index 2021 - S&P Global

The Mid West Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MWCCI) Business Excellence Awards celebrate and recognise the achievements of the region's business community; acknowledging commitment to business, superiority of service, commitment to customers, philanthropic ideals and ethical behaviour.

Iluka’s Mid West operations were recent winners at the MWCCI Business Excellence Awards, taking out two categories:

Community Spirit; and

Aboriginal Engagement.

Iluka was also a finalist for the category Apprentice and Trainee Support.

This is not the first time that Iluka has taken home awards from the MWCCI, winning the category Aboriginal Engagement in 2019.

Iluka was also a proud sponsor of the award category Small Business of the Year which was won by Fuel Maintenance and Engineering.

Iluka’s work in the identification and management of Human Rights and Modern Slavery Risk, and specifically its contribution through an industry working group has led to external recognition. 
The Western Australia Modern Slavery Collaborative (WAMsc), of which Iluka is a founding member, comprises more than 15 companies in the energy and resources sector who come together to develop practical tools to screen and manage modern slavery risks within supply chains.
WAMsc was recently recognised at the 7th Financial Times Asia-Pacific Innovative Lawyers Awards in the Social Justice category.  
With increasing membership and coverage spanning across Australia, the collaborative will be rebranded in the coming weeks.

​​​​​​​Jacinth Ambrosia is converting its diesel operated power station to hybrid electricity.

The conversion to hybrid will involve electric turbo compounding (ETC) technology which works by recovering waste energy from the exhaust, and the installation of 3.5MW of solar power.

Believed to be a world first, the integration of solar and ETC technology is expected to save over 5500 tonnes of CO2 per year.

The move from diesel to hybrid energy at Jacinth Ambrosia marks an important evolution in Iluka’s Australian operations. With the large solar resources available to us, the conversion makes sense from both a commercial and sustainable development perspective. It also offers a potential blueprint for the future use of renewable energy at other existing and planned operations.

The mineral sands and rare earths produced by Iluka are used in a range of sustainable development and renewable energy applications, including solar panels and wind turbines.

It is great to see our first site powered by the same technologies for which the products we mine and process are essential.

Iluka has once again been confirmed as a constituent of the FTSE4Good Index Series for 2021. This is the fifth consecutive year Iluka has been listed, achieving an improved overall rating against 2020.

The FTSE4Good Index Series is designed to measure the performance of companies demonstrating strong Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) practices. Transparent management and clearly-defined ESG criteria make FTSE4Good indexes suitable tools to be used by a wide variety of market participants when creating or assessing sustainable investment products. 

Criteria are developed using an extensive market consultation process and are approved by an independent committee of experts. A broad range of stakeholders help shape the criteria, including NGOs, governmental bodies, consultants, academics, the investment community and the corporate sector.

The criteria have been designed to help investors minimise ESG risks. Companies with the largest risk and impacts have to meet additional sector specific criteria.

Sierra Rutile Limited has won the International SOS Foundation Duty of Care Award in the Remote Resilience category.

Launched in October 2011, the International SOS Foundation has the goal of educating organisations on health and security issues impacting their global workforce. They have an altruistic goal of protecting and saving lives through conducting research and thought leadership initiatives on Duty of Care, sustainability and resilience to raise organisational standards in Duty of Care. The Foundation is a fully independent, not-for-profit organisation and registered charity and was started with a grant from International SOS.

The Duty of Care Awards were created to recognise global organisations for their outstanding achievements in protecting the health, safety and security of their workforce. The award acknowledges the great work done by the SRL team, particularly the health services team led by Dr Tamba Manyeh, Chief Medical Officer. Dr Pascal Ray Herm, Group Medical Director of International SOS on announcing the award commented, “this organisation maintained operations in Sierra Leone during the pandemic by developing a strong preventative program to protect their employee’s health and wellbeing.”

The judges also commented that SRL’s initiative “not only focussed on fighting COVID-19 but applied learning from other disease outbreaks which saw commendable achievements in fighting disease threats and keeping employees safe. It is a very timely program that has application long into the future.”

Iluka Resources has received a Bronze Medal rating for sustainability performance by Ecovadis

Ecovadis is a provider of business sustainability ratings for global supply chains across more than 200 purchasing categories and 160 countries. The Bronze Medal rating reflects performance within the top 50% of all companies assessed.

The Ecovadis methodology is built on international sustainability standards, including the Global Reporting Initiative, the United Nations Global Compact and the ISO 26000.  The Sustainability Scorecard illustrates performance across 21 indicators in four themes:
Environment, Labor and Human Rights, Ethics and Sustainable Procurement.

Iluka Resources is proud to be recognised as a finalist in the 2021 Golden Gecko Awards for Environmental Excellence, presented by the Western Australian Department of Mines, Industry and Regulation. 

The bespoke Flora Restorer tractor-drawn machine is Iluka’s innovative rehabilitation equipment design that dramatically improves the revegetation of Eneabba’s diverse kwongan ecosystem post-mining. Flora Restorer scarifies the sandy soil surface, air-seeds diverse seeds, buries them by land imprinting, and sprays a crust of dilute bitumen emulsion to prevent wind and water erosion.

Five years of field research trials demonstrated a unique process that increased seedling emergence 2–3 fold. In a single-pass Iluka found it could scarify the soil, air-seed, land imprint and stabilise with dilute bitumen emulsion. Flora Restorer has more than doubled the annual area rehabilitated.

Investment and commitment to field research trials proved the potential of the innovative combination of processes. Working with local companies to design, construct and commission the Flora Restorer equipment was critical to practical application, realising the excellent environmental outcomes. Iluka’s investment in innovation is focused on strengthening operational, sustainability, processing and product outcomes; learnings from the project are shared through publications and speaking engagements.

The Jackson and Devon Anderson (JADA) Technical Institute was established in response to the felt need of the people in the Rutile and Bauxite Mining communities. In January 2008, Africare received a private grant from Dwight Anderson, a former investor in Sierra Rutile Limited for the establishment of a technical and vocational skills training institute in collaboration with SRL to cater for the youth living in the southern province of Sierra Leone. The institute has been named in honour of Mr. Anderson’s children.  

In February 2018, SRL, JADA Technical Institute and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (German International Cooperation – GIZ) signed a contract for a development partnership titled ’From Mines to Minds 2 – Supporting demand-oriented skills development in Sierra Leone through a Development Partnership with the Private Sector (DPP) at JADA’. The ‘From Mines to Minds 2’ project is jointly funded by SRL, JADA and the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through the GIZ-implemented ‘PPP Fund for the Cooperation with Companies in Countries of the Mano River Union’.  

The overall objective of the project was to improve the skills and employability of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) graduates of the JADA Technical Institute. This was designed to be achieved by turning the institution into a demand-driven and practice-oriented training institution. The two target-courses are Mechanical and Electrical & Electronics Technology. 

In addition to benefits for the labour market, investing in people’s skills raises the incomes of economically vulnerable groups, thereby reducing poverty and improving livelihoods. 
Targeting both JADA teachers and students, the project’s activities include:

  • carrying out a diagnostic study to identify and prioritise key intervention needs, and key priority occupational areas based on existing courses at JADA (including a study on required investment)
  • constructing and equipping two training workshops to improve the quality of practical training
  • developing practical training materials that correspond to the new standards to be met by JADA teachers and students
  • conducting Training of Trainers (ToT) sessions to provide TVET teachers at JADA with appropriate technical knowledge and improve lesson quality
  • establishing an internship programme for JADA students, enabling them to gain additional practical training and work experience
  • fostering JADA’s sustainability and financial viability, including supporting its institutional consolidation and developing a management plan
  • designing a publicity campaign to raise awareness of TVET as an equal alternative to mainstream education rather than a second choice, particularly for women and people with disabilities
  • introducing two short-term courses at JADA
  • in cooperation with the National Council for Technical, Vocational and other Academic Awards (NCTVA), establishing nationally accredited certification for all JADA graduates. 

JADA has helped to train the youthful population in essential skills that enhance their employability.  Sierra Rutile Limited offers internships and work placements to JADA students and its staff provide technical expertise for the development of training materials and for teacher training.

2020 Case Studies and Insights

Iluka is proud to be named in the 2020 Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI) for Australia!

With a record number of companies participating in the 2020 Corporate Sustainability Assessment and more stringent rules for inclusion this year, Iluka’s continued presence is a reflection on the work of our people across the business to generate outcomes that support delivering sustainable value.  It also provides positive impact with respect to the visibility of our sustainability performance to external stakeholders.

This year saw the strongest level of corporate participation in the SAM Corporate Sustainability Assessment (CSA) – up 18.9% from 2019, with 238 companies participating for the first time.

Responsible asset disposal and reallocation is an important enabler for our future operations. It reduces Iluka’s rehabilitation liability and minimises waste through recycling and repurposing. Recycling or reuse of equipment is paramount and in the forefront of all demolition projects, this again has enabled a lower capital costs to Iluka in current and future projects.

Iluka is halfway through the execution of a five-year demolition strategy that is removing redundant assets across its Australian sites. 2020 posed several challenges with COVID-19 travel restrictions and a down turn in revenue limiting available funds for demolition activities, however Iluka was successful in completing critical removal of assets. This provided access to maintain closure and rehabilitation plans at Tuttunup South, Eneabba and Yoganup, along with other miscellaneous activities. This included the following:

  • At Tutt South, the primary concentrator was relocated for reuse to North Capel. As well as 660 tonnes of HDPE Piping and 680 tonnes of ferrous / non ferrous components removed and recycled.
  • At Eneabba, 970 tonnes of HDPE Piping and 400 tonnes of ferrous / non ferrous components were removed and recycled.
  • At Yoganup, 30 tonnes of HDPE Piping and 200 tonnes of ferrous / non ferrous components were removed and recycled;
  • Other activities involved, the relocation of thickener from Gingin to North Capel, sale of office and crib buildings  and scrapping of 125T of redundant HV Transformers from Capel and Eneabba.

In 2020, Iluka received a rating of A (on a scale of AAA-CCC) in the MSCI ESG Ratings assessment.


At the start of the COVID-19 outbreak, prices of personal protective equipment (PPE) surged as supply chains were disrupted and global demand continued to rise exponentially. Frontline staff were left exposed to higher risks and COVID-19 exposure due to the shortfall of PPE. Sierra Rutile acknowledged this risk and the need for action; their ongoing commitment to health and safety has focused on both Iluka employees and the wider community. 

Sierra Rutile donated approximately AU$100,000 in medical supplies and PPE to ten Community Health Centres (CHCs) in the Bonthe and Moyamba districts. The donations provided much needed relief to the CHCs. Donated equipment included gowns, respirators, face shields, sanitizers and more.

In addition to medical supplies and PPE, 252 sets of veronica buckets, liquid soaps and hand sanitisers were distributed to communities in the five mining chiefdoms. Invented by Ghanaian scientist Veronica Bekoe, the Veronica bucket has a fixed tap and a second bucket below to collect wastewater. They are a cost-effective way to enable frequent hand washing in areas with no access to running water.

The distribution, starting in early March 2020, focused on areas of high community movement, identified by Sierra Rutile’s Community Affairs team. Additional provisions and hygiene materials, such as cloth facemasks, were distributed to local tradespeople, market stallholders, youth groups, and those identified as highly vulnerable to COVID-19.

Sierra Rutile also provided financial support of approximately AU $10,000, distributed to seven community radio stations for the dissemination of COVID-19 awareness and prevention messages.   

Iluka's South West operations have always had a strong focus on the mental health and it’s fair to say that no year was as important to get this right then 2020. 

Through strong employee engagement opportunities and structured tailored training, our goal was to not only be able to encourage people to speak up and reduce the stigma around mental health, but also train the appropriate people to be able to identify the signs and behaviours of some one who is experiencing mental health issues.

Our South West operations continue to excel at delivering initiatives to reduce the stigma and improve mental health.  Examples of these initiatives include the Winston Project, Whats Important Now (WIN) initiative, Mental Health First Aid training and Mental Health for Leaders. In 2020, we were proud to launch our Health Minds training modules for all of the South West operations, which was developed in accordance with the current WA Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety (DMIRS) Audit tool.  With the support from the Mental Health Working Group we are hopeful to see this rolled out to the broader Iluka community.

With the recent new code of practice for a mentally healthy workplace there is now regulatory compliance and also guidance in what makes a healthy workplace.  Our South West operations were recently audited by DMIRS against this code and although it showed we were generally complaint, it also provided some guidance on areas of improvement. As a result of the audit, we plan on providing greater focus on:

  • Having a risk based approach to all mental health hazards by using the hierarchy of controls to control the hazard, not the outcome.  This will help by being more specific to the hazards rather than categories.
  • Implement organisational strategy to reduce stigma and target specific risk identified as high risk.

Isolation from family and friends, shift work, fly-in/fly-out and drive-in/drive-out rosters, relationship or financial stresses, job insecurity, misuse of alcohol and drugs, environmental extremes and dangerous workplaces can and do contribute to compromised mental health. Recognising this, and following the release of the code of practice for ‘Mentally healthy workplaces for fly-in/fly-out workers in the resources and construction sectors’ in 2019, the Jacinth-Ambrosia health and safety team conducted a gap analysis review of its health and wellbeing program against the code.  The review identified opportunities for improvement in the wellbeing program, particularly the provision of mental health information and training.

Jacinth-Ambrosia identified a new long-term wellbeing program, which was rolled out at the Jacinth-Ambrosia site in October 2019, coinciding with World Mental Health Day. The aim of the program is to ensure all staff and contractors are provided with knowledge and awareness on how they and their families can maintain good mental health at work and at home, how to recognise early symptoms, support each other and importantly, understand how and where to get help. The program encourages everyone to take responsibility for their own mental health by talking to someone and seeking help early.

The program has resulted in a more harmonious operating environment on site, with an improved overall level of mental health and wellbeing amongst personnel. This has been particularly evident through the resilience and sustained high morale on site during the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. Workers have been more supportive of each other, as demonstrated by an increased participation in activities such as R U Okay Day, an increase in personnel using the Employee Assistance Program (EAP) hotline. Absenteeism has noticeably decreased, and workers are returning to site from rest and recuperation refreshed having suitably addressed the mental health needs of both themselves and their families.

Contractors have provided similar positive feedback towards Iluka, and have expressed their thanks for including their staff in the mental health awareness program.

The results attained by this program at Jacinth-Ambrosia have provided momentum for other Iluka operations to commence roll out of this or similar programs, and it has also been a significant factor in Iluka’s development of a corporate mental health group within the company.

Iluka launched a suite of leadership development programs in 2019, with 71 leaders at various levels throughout the organisation forming the inaugural cohorts for 2020. An important component of these programs is a workshop component, providing participants the opportunity to share experiences and ideas, and broaden their networks outside of their location or technical discipline. Participants also undertake leadership coaching based on their identified areas for growth and development. 

Iluka Resources Jacinth Ambrosia mine site has consistently achieved and maintained high Aboriginal employment since 2011. Across the mine site there are currently 34 Aboriginal employees working across a wide variety of roles and has consistently maintained a minimum of 20% Far West Coast employment for eight years.

Iluka has substantially improved understanding of the local Aboriginal culture and its people by implementing cultural awareness training on site, the training is completed by all personnel employed at the mine site.  The training reminds Jacinth Ambrosia personnel that they are working on land important to the Far West Coast Traditional Owners, describes the cultural history and practices of the Traditional Owners and outlines challenges currently faced by them.

Iluka is able to retain a high proportion of Aboriginal workforce by providing additional site support for Aboriginal Employees through the JA Aboriginal Mentoring Programme. Launching in 2019 the motivation to develop a mentoring programme arose from discussions with Far West Coast members where the feedback from new employees was summarised and translated to ‘If you don’t know what’s there, you don’t know the questions to ask’.  One-on-one mentoring via the programme aims to assist people in a culturally sensitive and safe way, to transition into the Iluka workplace and beyond.

Cultural Awareness Training for Supervisors was implemented in 2019. This advanced training was designed to improve the supervisors ability to manage sensitively the Aboriginal personnel at Jacinth Ambrosia. The Jacinth Ambrosia team collaborated closely with the Far West Coast leaders to find a suitable provider to deliver the training.

 Three of the four Jacinth Ambrosia Site Managers are members of the Iluka  Far West Coast Liaison Committee. A Far West Coast  work experience programme was implemented in 2016 when it was identified that the Far West Coast employees were nearing retirement, resulting in employment for seven participants. The work experience programme is now focussing on potential development of Far West Coast members in more technical roles at Jacinth Ambrosia.

Through building a better working relationship with Aboriginal employees and supporting managers and supervisors, the recruitment, retention and advancement of Aboriginal personnel can be achieved. The Jacinth Ambrosia Management Team are committed to continuing these programmes, and finding new and innovative ways to maintain and exceed employment targets.  

In response to the COVID-19 crisis Iluka expanded its social investment strategy to support communities through the pandemic. The package included $160,000 distributed between each of the four Australian regions within which Iluka operates, providing direct investment to ameliorate the impact of the pandemic, and a one-off corporate donation of $100,000 to FoodBank. 

Site managers collaborated with Iluka's Communities team to identify opportunities that support community-based programmes impacted by the pandemic. These led to investments in health services, community centres, mental health and domestic violence support. 

As part of Iluka's commitment to a flexible workplace culture, employees are entitled to two days’ volunteering leave per year to actively support their communities. In the lead up to Christmas, a number of employees from the Perth and Adelaide offices used this leave to sort and pack food, toys and books for Foodbank and The Smith Family. 

In Perth, Iluka's team of volunteers sorted through 940kg of carrots, 3.95 tonnes of ham, 320 baking packs and 60 crates of community donated products, in order to provide food relief for those in need. Foodbank is Australia’s largest food relief organisation, providing more than 70% of the food rescued for food relief organisations nation-wide and delivering healthy eating and cooking programmes. Iluka has worked with Foodbank WA at a regional level for a number of years.  

In Adelaide, Iluka volunteers sorted and packed toys and books donated to the Smith Family Toy and Book appeal. The Smith Family is a charity supporting disadvantaged Australian children to get the most out of their education, enabling them to create better futures for themselves, achieve their full potential, and break the cycle of disadvantage. ​​​​​​​Over 25,000 requests for support were received by the Smith Family this Christmas. 

2020 saw Iluka partner with the West Australian Mining Club to offer a final year scholarship to a promising university student. The WA Mining Club started its Scholarship Program in 2003, and since then the Club has awarded 84 scholarships and close to $700,000 to scholarship recipients. 

Iluka was pleased to sponsor the Metallurgy Scholarship, which was awarded to Sandrine Symons following a competitive application and interview process. Sandrine will have the opportunity to visit our operational sites and undertake vacation work, as well as receive mentoring from two of our experienced metallurgists. 

The Clontarf Foundation exists to improve the education, discipline, self-esteem, life skills and employment prospects of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and by doing so, equips them to participate more meaningfully in society. 

The Clontarf programme provides an important school-engagement mechanism for many at-risk, teenage Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male students who would otherwise not attend or have very low school attendance.  

Iluka Resources has been a proud partner of the Clontarf Foundation since 2011, and extended this partnership agreement for another three year period during 2020. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic affecting a number of planned activities and initiatives, Iluka engaged with the Foundation and a number of Academies throughout 2020. These included; 

  • Iluka joined representatives from other Clontarf partners at the WA Southern Region Year 12 Leadership Camp in February. The camp was attended by senior boys from seven academies across the Southern Region. 

  • Iluka representatives from our Narngulu operations held mock interviews for Year 12 boys from Geraldton Academy throughout May and June. 

  • Iluka employees joined boys from Sevenaoks Academy (Cannington) for a game of cricket in September. 

  • Iluka joined representatives from other Clontarf partners at the Newton Moore Employment Forum in Bunbury in August. Boys from Newton Moore and North Albany academies participated. 

  • Six Year 12 boys from Geraldton Academy took part in a worksite visit at Iluka Resources in Geraldton in August. 

  • Iluka joined representatives from other Clontarf partners at the Wadjemup Cup football carnival on Rottnest Island in November. 

2019 Case Studies and Insights

The synthetic rutile kiln (SR2) at North Capel, Western Australia underwent a planned major maintenance outage (MMO) in Q1 2019, involving a large contingent of contractors. Strong focus on safety was maintained throughout the142,000 hours (over 44 days) on the project.

The MMO met or exceeded all HSEC KPIs including a 46% reduction rate in injuries compared to the previous MMO in 2012. Geoff Upston, MMO Project Manager, describes below how the team delivered the project ahead of schedule, on budget and safely.

Over a year out from the MMO, planning kicked off with a theory constraints workshop, identifying how to reduce the MMO duration. The team focused on how and where tasks could be completed in parallel rather than the traditional “in sequence” approach. The additional time in which to investigate new ideas, technologies and innovative measures played a big part in achieving this parallel approach – including assessing risks and hazards.

Six-hundred tasks involving multiple contractor groups operating in restricted or multi-level work fronts, were all executed over a short period of time. Dedicated safety visits helped reinforce safe work expectations, workplace inspections helped maintain hazard free work areas, and frontline verification tools targeted the effectiveness of risk controls (e.g. vehicle/pedestrian interaction, confined spaces, height safety). Over 100 potential fatality risks were eliminated through this approach which was supported by a dedicated health and safety team.

What’s Important Now (WIN) was a simply executed initiative that was driven by employees and contractors during the MMO to focus on what was important in the short term, to meet the individual and team goals long term. In short, workers were prompted to ask themselves “What is my driver for staying safe, and how do I achieve this with the task I’m involved in right now?”.

Jacinth-Ambrosia’s mining unit plant (MUP) is used to screen out oversize material, such as coarse rock. It is semi-mobile equipment and ore is fed into it by surface mobile equipment. An unwelcome consequence of the process is spillage as material is pushed to the feed chute to enter the process. This spillage is deposited in and around the MUP tracks. The MUP’s large tracks (similar to an excavator's tracks) rely on being free of this material prior to being moved (tramming) between mining blocks. This is undertaken by the field services team, who spend around 60 hours manually clearing away the build-up of material.

ertain there was a safer and more efficient method to prepare the MUP, the field services team brainstormed and developed a simple solution that reduced the clearing time to just two hours. The answer was airbags. Large tarps are placed under the tracks and inflated using air compressors and preventing the build-up of material. The prototype airbag system has been used successfully in the last four moves at Ambrosia. A second initiative to improve the process, was the introduction of a remote-controlled mini loader to clean up material that drops from the headboard (the area where the product is pushed into the MUP by a dozer).

Barry Fawcett, Earth Moving and Field Services Supervisor said: “Not only has the airbag innovation and new equipment saved over 50 hours of labour every two weeks, it completely eliminated exposure to over 15 hazards.”

As part of its effort to promote the health and wellbeing of employees and dependants, Sierra Rutile has partnered with Thinking Pink Breast Cancer Foundation in the fight against Breast Cancer in Sierra Leone. Thinking Pink Breast Cancer Foundation is a non-government organisation that promotes and raises awareness on breast cancer at the national and community levels.

The Foundation’s effort is geared towards reducing the incidence and impact of breast cancer through the provision of an efficient, evidence based approach. The Foundation deals with all stages of breast cancer from prevention to diagnosis, treatment and through to palliative care services. Sierra Rutile provided support for a breast screening programme and an awareness raising campaign for employees, their dependants and the mining community by asking the Thinking Pink Foundation to visit its mining communities. The Thinking Pink Foundation raised awareness and offered free breast screening to staff members and the immediate community of Sierra Rutile.

The first visit screened 253 patients with further visits by Thinking Pink Foundation planned for 2020.

The Sierra Rutile clinic has embarked on a blood donation drive for employees willing to donate blood for clinic use. This initiative was borne out of treating many children with low blood counts usually due to acute malaria. Most of the time, these children require immediate blood transfusions and although the parents often donate, sometimes they may also be ill, or have already donated a unit of blood and are unable to donate again until over 30 days. The clinic recently purchased a special “blood storage fridge” which is specifically designed to keep donated blood for longer periods.

Josh Henke made it to the finals of the Apprentice Employment Network WA Inc Awards of Excellence 2019. The awards recognise outstanding achievements of apprentices and trainees who have committed themselves to achieving excellence in their chosen career. Josh started with Iluka as an adult mechanical apprentice in 2016. He completed his TAFE theory in one year instead of three years which enabled him to concentrate on the practical side of his apprenticeship. “Iluka has been a great place to learn my trade and the people here make it easy to come to work every day,” Josh said.

TAFE SA and MEGT (Iluka's apprenticeship network provider) have partnered with us to train 35 employees in the Certificate III in Resource Processing qualification at our Jacinth-Ambrosia mine site. The design of the Certificate III programme enables Iluka to provide professional development opportunities for employees from remote communities including those from the Far West Coast community in South Australia.

Operator Luke Sims sees the Certificate III qualification as an opportunity to improve in his role and to increase his input and value as a team member.

luka’s Narngulu operation has partnered with the Clontarf Foundation since 2008 and SHINE since 2017. These partnerships include sponsorship, site tours, work experience opportunities for Year 12 students and working with students throughout the year to assist in their job readiness.

Narngulu has an excellent reputation as an employer and our inclusive employment practices have resulted in a significant portion of our workforce (12%) being persons who identify as Aboriginal. All of these employees are from Geraldton or the wider Mid West community, providing benefit to their families as well as the local economy.

In 2020 Narngulu had eight Clontarf Foundation graduates on a full-time basis. This included two who have completed apprenticeships, and a further two who came through the traineeship programme with one now an Operator and the other an Assistant Supervisor at age 24.

Hadji Massaquoi and Thailu Koroma from Sierra Rutile’s rehabilitation and closure team visited Eneabba, Western Australia on a three-week learning programme of Iluka’s rehabilitation.

The programme was designed to improve understanding of rehabilitation and closure best practices and included focus on:
• successfully rehabilitated land;
• active rehabilitation earthworks;
• mechanised approaches to seed collection, processing, and revegetation;
• nursery best practice seed storage, treatment, inventory and germination scheduling;
• trials and studies, including planning, execution and recordkeeping; and
• templates and software used for rehabilitation such as plans, earthworks calculator and data management tools.

Laura Vedral, Sierra Rutile Rehabilitation and Closure Manager, said the most valuable outcome from the visit was the perspective gained by Hadji and Thailu on best practices.

“Having limited exposure to completed rehabilitation in the mining context, they now have a vision for what rehabilitated land could look like and approaches that could improve success and efficiency at Sierra Rutile,” Laura said.

Rehabilitation Superintendent Hadji Massaquoi said that he was excited to see a different environment, meet new people and to learn how things are done in Australia. Hadji and Thailu have presented their learnings from the visit to the rehabilitation team in Sierra Leone and will build on the mentoring and relationships they have forged.

Iluka is one of 10 resource companies that have collaborated to develop a practical toolkit to screen for modern slavery risks within supply chains. Iluka is an active member of the Perth Modern Slavery Community of Practice which has been instrumental in developing the toolkit, which aims to help suppliers understand and respond to increasing information requests on modern slavery due to the introduction of relevant laws in Australia and other countries.

The toolkit consists of:
1. a self-assessment questionnaire with 18 core questions to help identify modern slavery risks and improve transparency;
2. frequently asked questions; and
3. the Walk Free Foundation’s publication “Understanding Modern Slavery”.

Launched as a pilot on 10 October 2019, this will ensure a consistent and collaborative approach and reduce burden on our suppliers. The toolkit is an open source and can be downloaded in four languages. Iluka will begin sharing the questionnaire with its suppliers in early 2020 as part of the company’s modern slavery work programme.

In 2019 Sierra Rutile partnered with IFC on a three-year, USD$1.5 million programme aimed at benefiting communities where Sierra Rutile is present in Sierra Leone. Programme goals include improving agricultural practices and household incomes, increasing procurement from local communities, improving the utilisation of mining-generated revenue flows into communities, improving the economic outlook for women in the communities, and increasing the percentage of female employees at Sierra Rutile.

Programme activities are being designed with gender considerations in mind to ensure men and women are able to benefit. In its first year, the programme commenced with specialist studies to identify issues and opportunities. Participatory planning is now underway with local communities to design specific initiatives across four key areas:

1. Local content
The local content initiative is employing a train-the-trainer approach to ensure long-term local access to capacity building services. Sierra Rutile and IFC are working together to ensure that as more opportunities are open to local suppliers, these businesses are given the tools to meet this demand.

2. Agriculture
The agricultural programme intends to support and train 150 households. The programme will improve agricultural and commercialisation practices, while also addressing broader inequities (social, financial, violence-related) between men and women that can act as barriers to healthy and productive families.

3. Women and youth socio-economic empowerment
For young people in the local community, a series of empowerment programmes will combine livelihood, mentorship and recreational activities with curriculum on life skills, sexual health, gender-based violence and gender equality. Numeracy and literacy development is also planned. In October 2019, Sierra Rutile established an internal Gender Task Force with support from the programme. This task force is chaired by Theuns de Bruyn, Sierra Rutile’s Chief Operating Officer, and provides a platform for employees to provide feedback to Sierra Rutile management as the company develops and implements a gender action plan.

Speaking in support of the programme, Mr de Bruyn shared the following comment: “I am really excited about the possibilities to enhance Sierra Rutile’s ability to recruit a more diverse workforce and create an environment that enables Sierra Rutile to leverage the full wealth of talent.”

4. Transparency
The transparency component will help the Community Development Committee (CDC) - which receives US$100,000 per year from Sierra Rutile - be responsive to community needs and effectively manage its resources. This initiative will also work with local stakeholders to ensure improved understanding of mining and related revenue flows - such as the CDC funds - into communities. The programme is being implemented by IFC and Sierra Rutile community specialists and a number of Sierra Leonean experts. It will be monitored and reported on regularly and is expected to benefit both local stakeholders and Sierra Rutile

Sierra Rutile is adopting a new, collaborative approach to supporting local infrastructure development in its areas of operation. Historically, Sierra Rutile’s Donations Committee has received a large number of requests to build communal infrastructure from across the five mining chiefdoms where it is present.

In an effort to foster local ownership of these communal facilities, Sierra Rutile is supporting local Ward Councillors to organise community participation in building projects. Under this new approach, Sierra Rutile is donating building materials while the Ward Councillors are responsible for the organisation of labour and local materials.

The majority of these projects fall within Sierra Rutile’s targeted support for education, health and agriculture. Facilities developed via this collaborative approach have included: a public transport terminal in Moriba Town; toilets for the Islamic Call Society Primary School; and public toilets within the Moriba Town community, including the Moriba Town football field providing sanitation facilities for large numbers of young people using this area.

A Councillor who has championed projects in the Imperri Chiefdom said: “We are very grateful to the company for these development projects. This type of cooperation will promote development in the mining community and also create a platform for a collaborative approach to building

Iluka’s sites across Australia celebrated NAIDOC week in July to recognise the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Each year there is a different theme for NAIDOC and in 2019 the focus was “Voice. Treaty. Truth. Let’s work together for a shared future.” In the spirit of working together, Iluka partnered with other businesses in our building in Perth to work with a local Aboriginal art group to create an artwork. Employees listened to stories from Aboriginal elders and were invited to paint a small section of the collaborative canvas. The activity brought employees together and enriched understanding of the local Aboriginal culture.

The rehabilitation team at Sierra Rutile has successfully introduced the raffia palm (Raffia vinifare) species to its rehabilitation planting plan for the first time. Community feedback during the Area 1 Environment, Social, and Health Impact Assessment emphasised the high economic value of this tree species. Among other things, raffia palm fronds provide a locally important roofing construction material. They are also used to manufacture baskets, fishing nets, ceiling tiles and sleeping mats. While raffia palm is one of the most desired economic trees, it was not previously included in the planting plan due to difficulties with seed germination. Sierra Rutile’s nursery team undertook a preliminary trial of seed treatment methods, with initial results yielding raffia seedlings, which will be ready to plant in 2020.

Iluka designed and commissioned new equipment for mine site revegetation in 2019. Named Flora Restorer, the tractor-pulled equipment allows a threefold approach to improving the establishment of native plants at our Eneabba mine site:
1. The air-seeder delivers and buries a wide range of sized and shaped seed, essential for the diversity of plants restored in Eneabba revegetation.
2. Land imprinting creates “micro-reservoirs” in the sandy soil surface, which can hold rainwater in a downpour, thereby increasing infiltration and reducing erosion.
3. The soil surface is stabilised by spraying dilute bitumen emulsion that binds the surface for a year or two, holding the seed in place to germinate, stabilising the imprints, and stopping wind erosion of the sandy soil.

The equipment was designed and constructed by a local engineering company, Paragon Industrial. The process of burying seed, land imprinting and stabilising with dilute bitumen emulsion has dramatically improved seed emergence at Eneabba. This improves the efficiency of broadcast seeding, both in the quality of the revegetation and increasing the area that can be revegetated each year, with the same collection of native seed. The research that led to Flora Restorer’s design and construction was presented in a plenary session at the 13th International Conference on Mine Closure held in Perth in September 2019, and published in the peer-reviewed proceedings.

In 2019 Iluka commenced a project to remove mineral sand residue material in old storage dams at our Capel dry plant and South Capel sites, and move it to a new purpose-built facility at South Capel.

The old dams were used during historical operations to store residues from mineral sands processing. The dams met regulatory and industry standards of the day, but not contemporary containment requirements. Seepage has occurred, with some common and generally non-hazardous substances found in mineral sands, such as manganese and sulfates observed in the shallow groundwater aquifer. Deeper groundwater is unaffected. The project will remove this risk to groundwater and achieve an enhanced environmental outcome at South Capel.

The project comprises removal of approximately 70,000 cubic metres of residue in the old storage dam at the Capel dry plant and about 410,000 cubic metres of residue stored at our South Capel site. All residue is being moved to the new storage facility on the same site. Iluka has consulted with the community in respect of the project and Iluka’s approach to managing environmental risks at the sites. The first step of the remediation project was the relocation of fauna and clearing of vegetation to create access to the old storage dams. Iluka engaged experts in fauna relocation to catch marsupials and reptiles at the sites and move them to suitable nearby and adjacent natural areas. Marsupials moved included the Western ringtail possum, or ‘gnuraren’ in the local Noongar language, which are endangered. Relocating the gnuraren was done with great care and was successfully completed in 2019.

The remainder of the project is due to be completed in 2020 including land form and revegetation works at the older storage dams. Iluka will monitor the rehabilitated areas for approximately 10 years to ensure the rehabilitation is successful. The project was approved by the Western Australian Department of Water and Environmental Regulation, with other government agencies assessing and approving various parts of the project. These include the Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, the Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety, Main Roads WA and the Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Energy.

Responsible asset disposal and reallocation is an important enabler for our future operations. It reduces Iluka’s rehabilitation liability and minimises waste through recycling and repurposing. Iluka is halfway through the execution of a five-year demolition strategy that is removing redundant assets across its Australian sites.

In 2019, demolition activities were completed for the product silos at the Geraldton wharf in Western Australia, and the Woornack, Rownack, Pirro (WRP), Kulwin and Douglas plants in Victoria.

Demolition involves removing the ground infrastructure (pylon, steelworks) and in-ground services (power, water) in order to clear the site ahead of rehabilitation activities. The team’s approach is to prepare the whole site via a non-intrusive interaction, identify the items for removal (recycle, disposal and repurpose) and commence the demolition. Hydraulic pinchers are used to cut at strategic engineering design points and carefully remove for disposal or repurpose.

“We recycle as much as we can to minimise the amount of waste generated and safely dispose of contaminated materials through the appropriate channels.” Andres Yep, Asset Manager

The removed equipment becomes part of the surplus and redundant equipment programme which is available to projects and sites. Cataby is an example of repurposing, which uses equipment from Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria and Queensland, which reduced the capital cost of the project by approximately $100 million. The Ambrosia mine move repurposed equipment and the Eneabba mineral sands recovery project will be following suit. Iluka has also donated old equipment for students to practice assembling and disassembling at the TAFE near Gingin, Western Australia.

Iluka supports Schools Plus by working with the Ceduna Area School to modify its curriculum to teach students and prepare them for future employment opportunities. Changes included land management, rehabilitation and resources management vocational training for students and supporting the retraining of teachers to implement the curriculum changes. This benefits the community by ensuring school-based education and training is aligned to future employment and industry needs, and supports Ceduna students to develop the necessary vocational skills.

luka supports strategic social investments delivered by the local community that encourage local economic growth. In 2019 the Cataby operations funded the purchase of a marquee for Aggies Cottage in Dandaragan. Aggies Cottage is a local heritage listed property maintained and managed by the community. The marquee is now providing an additional source of income when the property is hired out for events. As a not for profit, all income generated is used for community events or is reinvested back into the property for enhancement and expansion.

Sierra Rutile supports the Ruby Rose Educational Resource Centre. After a significant restoration, the Ruby Rose centre is now open again. Approximately 70 children visit the centre per day from 10 nearby schools, enjoying the space, playing outside, and reading and borrowing books they might not otherwise have access to.

Students from an additional 28 schools outside the immediate area are also able to utilise the facilities. Education is the main emphasis at the Ruby Rose centre. The next phase of the centre’s development includes an internet café, adult literacy courses and the development of outside play areas including a volleyball court.

2019 saw the arrival of a sea container of donations for the Ruby Rose centre. The shipping costs of the container were paid by Sierra Rutile and all items inside were donated by Iluka employees and service providers. Items donated included stationery, books, art materials, sporting equipment, clothes, shoes and bicycles.