Iluka’s Virginia operation involved mining and ​processing activities at two locations in Virginia between 1997 - 2016.
The heavy mineral concentrate from the Virginia mine was transported to a mineral separation plant at Stony Creek to produce chloride ilmenite and zircon. Since the cessation of mining activities, the Virginia operation is focussed on completing rehabilitation of former mine sites and decommissioning associated infrastructure.

Operational Overview


Iluka Resources and its predecessor companies mined and processed the Old Hickory, Concord and Brink deposits in Dinwiddie and Sussex counties in Virginia from 1997 – 2016.

  • - Wet concentrators at the mine sites used gravity concentration to separate valuable heavy minerals from non-product material.
  • - The heavy mineral concentrate was transported by truck to the Stony Creek dry mill, where saleable products were isolated by electrostatic and magnetic separation.
  • - Saleable products, such as zircon and ilmenite, were transported to customers by truck, rail and ship. Non-saleable mineral was returned to the mine void.


Most of the Virginia ilmenite is sold domestically in the United States for the production of titanium dioxide pigment. Virginia zircon is one of the highest quality ceramic opacifiers, making it attractive to high-end ceramic tile and sanitary-ware producers. In addition, low levels of impurities make it sought after as a feedstock for zirconia and refractory producers.



Following the recent completion of mining and processing activities, Iluka’s Virginia operation is focused on land ​rehabilitation and closure. Land rehabilitation at the Old Hickory, Concord and Brink mines involves a number of activities including soil testing, land surveying, earthworks, re-vegetation and ongoing monitoring activities.

Green Cove Springs, Florida

Iluka and its predecessor companies mined a section of the Duval Upland ridge deposit located in North East Florida from 1972 until the cessation of mining operations in 2005.  Since this time, Iluka has progressed reclaiming mined lands and rehabilitating the former processing plant site. 

Lulaton, Georgia

Mining of the Lulaton deposit occurred from early 2004 until mid-2006.  The majority of reclamation work was completed by 2010.  The site has since been under maintenance and monitoring.

Further Information